Treaty of 1752

Treaty or Article of Peace and Friendship Renewed

Between His Excellency Peregrine Thomas Hopson Esquire Captain General and Governor in Chief and over His Majesty’s Province of Nova Scotia or Accadie vice Admiral of the same Colonel of His Majesty’s Regiments of Foot, and His Majesty’s Council on behalf of His Majesty.


Major Jean Baptiste Cope Chief Sachem of the tribe of Mick mack Indians, Inhabiting the Eastern Coast of the said province, and Andrew Hadley Martin, Gabriel Martin and Francis Jeremiah members and Delegates of the said Tribe, for themselves and their said Tribe their heirs and the heirs of their heirs forever. Begun made and concluded in the manner form & tenor following, viz.

1. It is agreed that the article of submission & Agreement made at Boston in New England by the Delegates of the Penobscot Norridgwolk & St. John’s Indians in the year 1725 Ratified and Confirmed by all the Nova Scotia Tribes at Annapolis Royal in the month of June 1726 and lately Renewed with Governor Cornwallis at Halifax and Ratified at St. John’s River, now read over explained & Interpreted shall be and are hereby from this time forward renewed, reiterated and forever Confirmed by them and their Tribe, and the said Indians for themselves and their Tribes and their Heirs aforesaid do make and renew the same Solemn Submissions and promises for the strict Observance of all the Articles therein Contained as at any time heretofore hath been done.

2. That all Transactions during the Late War shall on both sides be buried in Oblivion with the Hatchet, and that the said Indians shall have all favour, Friendship & protection shewn them from this His Majesty’s Government.

3. That the said Tribe shall use their utmost Endeavours to bring in the other Indians to Renew and Ratify this Peace, and shall discover and make known any attempt or design of any other Indian or any Enemy whatever against his Majesty’s subject Within this province so soon as they shall know thereof and shall also hinder and Obstruct the same to the utmost of their power, and on the other hand if any of the Indians refusing to ratify this peace shall make War upon the Tribe who have now Confirmed the same; they shall upon Application have such aid and Assistance from the Government for their defence as the Case may require.

4. It is agreed that the said Tribe of Indians shall not be hindered from, but have free Liberty of hunting and fishing as usual and that if they shall think a Truck house Needful at the River Chibenaccadie, or any other place of their resort they shall have the same built and proper Merchandize, lodged therein to be exchanged for what the Indians shall have to dispose of and that in the mean time the Indians shall have liberty to bring for sale to Halifax or any other Settlement within this province, Skins, feathers, fowl, fish or any other thing they shall have to sell, where they shall have liberty to dispose thereof to the best advantage.

5. That a Quality of bread, flour and such other Provisions, can be procured, necessary For the Families and proportionable to the Numbers of the said Indians, shall be given them half Yearly for the time to come; and the same regard shall be had to the other Tribes that shall hereafter Agree to Renew and Ratify the peace upon the Terms and Conditions now Stipulated.

6. That the Cherish of a good Harmony and mutual Correspondence between the said Indians and this Government His Excellent Peregrine Thomas Hopson Esq. Capt General & Governor in Chief in & over His Majesty’s Province of Nova Scotia Or Accadie Vice Admiral of the same & Colonel of One of His Majesty’s Regiment of Foot hereby promise on the part of His Majesty that the said Indians shall upon the first day of October Yearly, so long as they shall Continue in Friendship, Receive Present of Blankets, Tabacco, some Powder & Shott, and the said Indians promise once every year, upon the said first of October, to come by themselves Or their Delegates and Receive the said Presents and Renew their Friendship And Submissions.

7. That the said Indians shall use their best Endeavours to save the Lives & Goods of any People Shipwrecked on this coast where they resort and shall Conduct the People saved to Halifax with their Goods, and a Renewed adequate to Salvage Shall be given them.

8. That all disputes whatsoever that may happen to arise between the Indians now at peace and others His Majesty’s subjects in this province shall be tried in His Majesty’s Court of Civil Judicature, where the Indians shall have the same benefits, Advantages & Privileges as any others of His Majesty’s subject.

In Faith & Testimony whereof the Great Seal of the Province is hereunto appended And the Parities to these Presents have hereunto interchangeably Set their Hands in The Council of Chamber at Halifax this 22nd day of Nov. 1752 in the 26th Year Of His Majesty’s Reign.

P.T. Hopson X Chas Lawrence Jean Baptiste Cope Benj. Green Mark Martin x Jno Salusbury Andrew Hadley x Wilm. Steele Francois Jeremiah x Jno. Colier Gabriel Martin X